6. PUFF ADDER
The puff adder (Bitis arietans) is considered to be Africa’s deadliest snake because it is responsible for the most human fatalities. This is due to a variety of factors, including the snake’s wide distribution, its prevalence in populated areas and its relatively aggressive nature. Puff adders reach an average length of around 3.3 feet/ 1.0 meters and have a solid build accentuated by a wide girth and a blunt snout. They are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, and their colour patterns vary depending on where they live. Puff adders rely on their exceptional camouflage for protection and remain still rather than fleeing from approaching danger. Because of this, people are often bitten after accidentally stepping on them. Of all viper species, the puff adder’s venom is amongst the most venomous, however, most fatalities occur as a result of poor treatment. Even in untreated cases, the mortality rate can be as low as 15%.