8. QUEEN ANA NZINGA
Queen Nzinga is also known as Nzinga Mbande or Ana de Sousa Nzinga
Nzinga was a 17th Century Queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people of Angola.
She is best remembered for freeing her people from slavery and fighting the Portuguese.
One of her notable actions, was in 1621 when she was sent to represent the King in meeting with Jao Corria de Sousa, the Portuguese only provided one chair, meaning they wanted Nzinga to stand throughout the meeting but, Nzinga ordered one of her male servants to bend so she could sit on his back throughout the meeting. This act may have been belittling to the servant but, she utilised her authority and proved she was not to be messed with.
Although the meeting with the Portuguese was successful and she became a Christian, with the Portuguese Governor as her godfather hence the name Ana de Sousa Nzinga. the success was short-lived.
She became Queen after the death of her brother, she ruled for thirty years, fighting the Portuguese.