The five candidates were revealed during a special live launch broadcast on the BBC on Saturday.
The winner will be decided by fans from across the world, who have until 18:00 GMT on November 28 to vote for their choice.
2016 winner of the award will be announced on Monday, 12 December, live on BBC Focus on Africa TV and radio, starting from 17:35 GMT.
The BBC Sport and BBC Africa websites will also broadcast the announcement.
Borussia Dortmund and Gabon striker Aubameyang makes the shortlist for the fourth consecutive year, while West Ham’s Ghanaian attacking midfielder Andre Ayew – winner in 2011 – is also shortlisted for the fourth time.
Leicester’s Algerian forward Mahrez is the only player not to have been nominated before, Liverpool and Senegal striker Saido Mane was shortlisted for the first time last year, and Manchester City’s Ivorian midfielder Toure has featured for eight consecutive years and is a two-time winner.
Aubameyang, 27, has had an outstanding 2016, scoring 11 goals I. 9 Bundesliga matches this season for Dortmund.
He became the first African to be named Bundesliga player of the year, the first Gabonese to become the Confederation of African Football’s Player of the Year, and has earned a place on the shortlist for the 2016 Ballon d’Or.
In August, West Ham broke their transfer record to sign Ayew, the £20.5m they paid Swansea a clear marker of his form in 2016.
The 26-year-old’s impressive performances, and his 12 goals in 35 appearances, earned him the title newcomer of the year at the Swans’ end-of-season awards in May.
Another English Premier League player, Mahrez enjoyed spectacular success as he inspired Leicester – who had been 5,000-1 outsiders – to a first league title.
Mahrez, 25, scored 17 league goals and was voted Professional Footballers’ Association Player of the Year – the first African to win the award. He also starred for Algeria as they qualified for the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations.
Mane, 24, became the most expensive African footballer in history when he joined Liverpool for £34m in the summer.
He has made an immediate impact at Anfield, with six goals and four assists in 11 matches for the Reds. Before his move, he had scored eight league goals this year for Southampton, including a hat-trick against then champions Manchester City.
Toure collected yet another trophy in 2016 – the 17th of his career – when he lifted the English League Cup with Manchester City, scoring the winning penalty as they beat Liverpool in a shootout in the final.
This was the year the 33-year-old powerhouse called time on an illustrious international career. But he declared he was still a force – and his inclusion on the list for another year backs that up